The landscape of the Vinho Verde region is comprised of a series of granite-based plateaus divided by the green valleys of the Minho, Ave, Cávado, and Lima rivers. Over the centuries granite taken from local quarries has been used to build roads, homes and churches. It comes as no surprise that most soil types found in vineyards are based on weathered granite.
Most of the Vinho Verde region is at or near sea level with the highest elevation in the entire region at 2,300 feet. Vineyards in the coastal areas of the Lima, Cávado and Ave sub-regions are planted between just above sea level to 650 feet; inland areas of the same sub-regions are planted up to 1,300 feet. The sub-regions of Monção and Melgaço, Sousa, and Paiva are located farther inland with less maritime climate influence and have a slightly higher average altitude ranging between 150 and 1,300 feet. The sub-regions Amarante, Baião and Basto have the most continental climate with vineyards planted between 650 and 2,200 feet.