Sub-Region

MONÇÃO MELGAÇO

MONÇÃO MELGAÇO

REGION: Minho AVG TEMP: 65 degrees (18 C)
SUB-REGION: Monção and Melgaço

Monção and Melgaço (4,646 acres): has a very specific climate of hot summers contrasted by cold, wet winters—a perfect showcase for the Alvarinho grape. Soils are based on granite and schist. Red wines from Monção are made from Pedral and Alvarelhão grapes.

LIMA
Lima (4,542 acres): is one of the transitional sub-regions between cooler coastal areas and warmer inland regions. Vineyards are planted at varying altitudes in soils of granite and some schist. The best whites from the area are made from the Loureiro grape and are known for their elegance and finesse. Arinto and Trajadura are also commonly used in white wines. Red wines are produced from Vinhão and Borraçal.
CÁVADO
Cávado (4,123 acres): like Ave, the vines in Cávado are planted throughout the Cávado River basin at lower altitudes with considerable marine influence from the Atlantic, making for a temperate climate and higher than average rainfall. Soils, like much of the region, are granite and mineral rich. White grapes such as Arinto, Loureiro and Trajadura do especially well in the area. Red wines are produced from vineyards in the Cávado Valley from the Vinhão and Borraçal grapes.
Ave
Ave (6,630 acres): plantings are concentrated in the Ave River basin at varying altitudes close to the sea. The marine influence makes for lower average temperatures, windy conditions and higher than average rainfall. White grapes and wines predominate with the Arinto and Loureiro varieties especially suited to the cooler, wetter climate.
BASTO
Basto (5,618 acres): is the most inland of all the Vinho Verde sub-regions. Basto is well-protected from Atlantic Ocean weather systems and has hot dry summers and exceptionally cold, rainy winters. Late ripening grapes also do especially well here. White wines from the Azal grape can be exceptional and the red grapes Espadeiro and Rabo-de-Anho also do well.
SOUSA
Sousa (9,070 acres): has a temperate climate much like the Ave and Cávado sub-regions. White wines are made from a blend of Arinto, Loureiro and Trajadura as well as Avesso and Azal. Borraçal and Vinhão are used in the making of both red wines and rosés.